Saturday, December 19, 2015


Without exception, time and space co-occur in our earthly reality, where grammar has evolved.

We cannot have time without place, or place without time. Our human minds have a natural habit to associate the two. Let us think about a few basic words we might use to talk about places. The words could be on, in, and to: we people live on Earth, we give at least psychological borders to areas in which we are, and we learn as well as remember ways to places.

We people also map cognitively. Our cognitive maps do not have the strict geographical measurement, but they partake in the ability to get to a place in the shortest length of space as well as time, in our everyday routes, as to school or work.

Let us think about the grammatical Aspects most children acquire before school tuition begins: the Simple, the Progressive, and the Perfect.

The Simple: We often use it to speak about habits, as well as feelings and thoughts — all that does not change often. We may have the habit to do something usually, as well as… never. We can think about a cognitive map. The Simple would tell what we generally see that existed, exists, or we think will exist ON the map.

The Progressive: We can use it to say that something was, is, or will be IN progress, IN its course. To imagine this Aspect, we could picture activity or faculties in an area.

The Perfect: we can use it to say what had taken place, has taken place, or will have taken place TO a moment in time. The moment does not have to mark the end of the state, activity, or faculty work. We may view the course or occurrence of the activity as a way to a place.

It is enough we merge our Perfect and Progressive into the fourth mapping value, AT, and we can manage all Aspects in English as they naturally are.

Let us compare classic grammar guidance. We may learn we use the Present Progressive for things happening “now”. We might get to associate the tense with the word “now”, but such a rule would not work any time we speak about the way we feel or think. We yet say,

I am happy now
I think I like it now 
(Present Simple).

With variables, we may use cognitive extents. For example, if we select part an extent for our view, we mark we do not mean an entire extent:

He is being mad {IN}. He is sane {ON}.

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